Jun 1, 2016


PubMed comprises more than 26 million citations for biomedical literature from MEDLINE, life science journals, and online books. Citations may include links to full-text content from PubMed Central and publisher web sites.

From PubMed:
Emergencies in the school setting: are public school teachers adequately trained to respond?
This study attempted to determine the extent of training and emergency care knowledge of public school teachers in midwestern states. A secondary purpose was to assess the frequency of injury and illness in the school setting requiring the teacher to first-respond.

Public school teachers represent a potentially effective first-response component during disasters and isolated emergencies in the school environment. Overall, most of public school teachers in this study were deficient in both training and knowledge of emergency care and BLS modalities. Lack of effective, formal emergency care training in teacher preparation programs coupled with no continuing education requirement is a possible explanation of these results. Emergency medical services providers should seek opportunities to help with first-responder training and continuing education in their schools.

The above sites American teachers. Are Canadian/ Ontario teachers any better prepared?

May 30, 2016

Hazards At School

My youngest injured herself on an obvious hazard at school. A few Days Later I asked the school principal to reevaluate the hazard, she agreed. I stressed I did not have a solution but I wanted the safety issue discussed. The principal agreed said she was the Health and Safety Representative for the school. Later she told me that the Safety Committee Members decided to remove the hazard. Later a teacher, the principle claimed was on this committee told me she knew nothing about this issue or the committee.

Two years later my child was again was injured, in a freak accident, this time not one one staff member on site had Firstaid, this information was kept from me. The school secretary kept saying she did not get around to making a list of people with First Aid/ CPR, not saying no one had the training. A teacher told me that not one staff had the training, other than the school principle. (who was out of the building at the time) The trustees thought this was a union issue not a safety issue, so they did not help, but knew of the issue AFTER i told them. Later I found out that training was indeed a safety issue (covered by WISB Safety Laws). I suspect someone at WSIB found out, because I found documents online claiming Halton schools obeyed WSIB guidelines when it came to staff being trained in First Aid/ CPR that were released shortly after the second injury.

After telling parents of the issues, dozens of parents complained or asked questions at the school, only then did the school act, in training staff. I have no idea if one of the parents told WSIB, or if the injury report from the school got to the WBSB. Perhaps the problem reached the board level somehow, and that's why Halton made the claim the laws were being meet.

The Halton District Catholic School Board updated their Operation Policy on First Aid:
The Halton Catholic District School Board will sponsor the following number of employees for each site to receive Standard First Aid and C.P.R./A.E.D. with Administrator approval:
• Elementary Schools - 2 employees
• Elementary Schools over 700 staff and students - 3 employees
• Elementary Schools over 900 staff and students - 4 employees
• Secondary Schools - 4 employees
• Central Office Sites - 2 employees 2. Each school site will meet the requirements of WSIB First Aid Regulation 1101 relating to first aid equipment, facilities and trained personnel

The Halton District School Board Letter:
Currently, the Human Resources Department trains staff in Standard First Aid in order to be compliant with the Workplace Safety and Insurance Act. The minimum training requires two staff are trained in every elementary school and three staff in every secondary school and administrative office. Standard First Aid training is a two day course that includes CPR, defibrillator and emergency first aid.

Sep 8, 2015

Concussion Identification Management Policy

Halton District School Board Concussion Protocol.

Administrative Procedure: Concussion Protocol. Halton District School Board

Emergency First Aid Training In order to supplement the Standard First Aid Training required to meet the terms of the WSIB legislation, the Board will offer the one day Emergency First Aid training, in addition to that identified in #1 above, to:
i. 3 full time employees for each elementary school
ii. 2 full time employees of secondary school
iii. 3 full time employees of each administrative facility

Ministry of Education funding to school districts to support the full implementation of Provincial Policy Memorandum 158 ("PPM 158"), including the costs associated with Ontario Physical and Health Education Association safety guidelines and coaching/first aid certifications;

Rowan's Law

Read when When not one teacher at my kids school had CPR/ first aid training My child suffered an injury, no one was trained how to handle the injury, or recognize a concussion, or any other medical situation, for that matter.

See Also: Ontario Laws First Aid and CPR

Jun 18, 2015

Ontario Report Cards, Teachers MAY Comment

Fundamental Freedoms (From The Canadian Charter)

(b) freedom of thought, belief, opinion and expression, including freedom of the press and other media of communication;
(c) freedom of peaceful assembly; and
(d) freedom of association.

So teachers can CHOOSE to go on, and plan field trips (peaceful assembly) and write report cards (expression) if they want!
(within the guidelines of the Education Act) Read The Charter:

If a teacher tells you they can't plan or go on school field trips, tell them under the Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms they have the right to take part in peaceful assembly, so they can go on field trips so long as they are peaceful! Or challenge them to find the law that overrides the Charter, Canada's highest law.

Oct 21, 2014

Often Provinces Not School Boards Require First Aid Training

When my child had an accident at school, not one staff at my child's school had current First Aid/ CPR trainning. This means if my child stopped breathing, or my child's heart stopped beating, due to an allergic reaction, or any other reason, the paramedics may not have been able to reach my child in time. I know of children that HAVE been given improper first aid after injuries at schools.

Each Provence in Canada requires workplaces (including schools) to have employees with current first aid training. The WISB has he auhority to close any workplace (including schools) who do not meet safety requirments. If I had known this I would have reported my school to the WISB

Newfoundland and Labrador
Occupational Health and Safety First Aid Regulations

Prince Edward Island
New first aid regulations in PEI

Nova Scotia
First Aid Guide

New Brunswick
Occupational Health and Safety Act

First-aid Minimum Standards Regulation

First Aid Requirements

Workplace Safety and Health Regulation

Workplace First Aiders and Legal Requirements

British Columbia
British Columbia Employment Standards Act and Regulations

Nunavut’s Safety Regulations

Northwest Territories
Yukon Territory

Above poster is from Allergy Posters

Oct 20, 2014

Trustees, Should School Staff Have training?

Open Letter to Trustee Candidates October 2014,

My child was injured at school, not one teacher had First Aid/ CPR training. Not one staff member at the school, at the time, had First Aid/ CPR training. The Education Act and the Safe School Act do not require this training of teachers or other school staff. I was told this was not a safety concern but a Teachers Union issue.

If You became aware of this situation What would you do?

WSIB (Workplace Safety & Insurance Board) Requires: All employers covered by the Workplace Safety & Insurance Act are required to have first aid equipment, facilities and trained workers in all workplaces. The First Aid Requirements (Regulation 1101) (250.2kb, PDF) states what each employer is required to provide.

WSIB Information

Ontario Labour Information

Would you report the lack of First Aid/ CPR training to the WSIB?

Would you look for the list of currant First Aid/ CPR trained people at schools you visit?

Answers Given By School Trustee Candidates:
Tim O'Brien Burlington, Ontario
Dear parent of wrongfully treated child. I have worked in education for over 27 years. I am appalled that this even happened. I would not only report to WSIB, but to the superintendent of that family of schools as well; and I would definitely look for the current First Aid/CPR trained people at my school visits.
Tim O'Brien
Halton Catholic Trustee Wards 1 & 2

Denise Nacev, Burlington, ON
I am shocked that it is not a requirement to have at least one trained staff member in the schools. The schools do fall under the WSIB legislation so if elected I would find out what schools do not have a first aid trained staff member and work with the board staff to make sure they get additional training in place.

As a parent I would report this to the WSIB board, this is the safety of children and I do not agree that it is a Teacher’s Union issue. It is a school board issue just under a different legislation.

I hope this helps and if you have any other questions please feel free to contact me again.

From Letter From HDSB "Currently, the Human Resources Department trains staff in Standard First Aid in order to be compliant with the Workplace Safety and Insurance Act." The letter's information is false, my child had an accident where not one school staff was trained in First Aid/ CPR.

Added thought: Sabrina's Law requires Teachers to have allergy training, it DOES NOT require First Aid/ CPR training. If a child has a reaction that causes their heart to stop, the teachers may not have the training to do CPR. Qualified classes recognized by the WSIB.

Nov 3, 2013

Not One CPR/ First Aid Trained Teacher At My Kids School

My youngest child suffered an injury at school (2010) not one teacher had up-to-date first aid training, and the school principal was out of the building who had the ONLY current training. I was told this was not a safety issue but a Teachers Union issue because, making teachers take first aid and CPR training would have to be approved of by the Ontario Teachers Union.

This is not entirely true The school violated The First Aid Requirements (WSIA Regulation 1101) It is true teachers are not required to have currant First Aid or CPR Training, but Ontario Workplaces are required to have some staff currently trained in First Aid/ CPR at each workplace with more than four employees. A school is a workplace.

All employers covered by the Workplace Safety Insurance Act are required to have first aid equipment, facilities and trained workers, this means usually only about two trained people (employees) in every school, need to be trained.

The training classes at the local St. Johns Ambulance First Aid Station did not have any of the teachers/staff at my child's school take any classes the week after my child's emergency. Not till SEVERAL parents complained to the school, was a large number of teachers trained at my child's school. A teacher (employee covered by WSIB Ontario) at the school also had a medical emergency later that same month, the school principal who had the only first aid training was in the building at the time, but not at the time of my child's emergency.

Workplace Safety and Insurance Board First Aid Information

In Canada, first aid certificates can be issued by one of four training organizations that provide first aid training in up to ten provinces and three territories (thus, nationally) Canadian Red Cross Society, (Royal)Lifesaving Society (Canada), St. John Ambulance, and Canadian Ski Patrol.

Ontario Approved First Aid Courses

Workplace Safety and Insurance Act
(1) A first aid station shall contain,
(a) a first aid box containing the items required by this Regulation; and
(b) a notice board displaying,
(i) the Board’s poster known as Form 82,
(ii) the valid first aid certificates of qualification of the trained workers on duty, and
(iii) an inspection card with spaces for recording the date of the most recent inspection of the first aid box and the signature of the person making the inspection. R.R.O. 1990, Reg. 1101, s. 1 (1).

The school also violated this regulation by not having valid first aid certificates of qualification of the trained workers {teachers or other staff} on duty at the first aid station.

In theory one teacher could complain to the Ontario Teacher's Union that they are working in a unsafe environment with no one trained in CPR/ First Aid, while another teacher could complain to the Ontario Teacher's Union they are feeling pressured to take a First Aid Course. If I knew this information I would have filled a complaint with WSIB, not "just" have asked a person running for the position of school trustee, to see if they knew that teachers did not need to be trained in First Aid/ CPR. She was shocked when she did her own research and discovered that only two teachers were trained in First Aid/ CPR at her own child's school. (2010) She talked to the school trusties (at the time) in each ward in our city, who told her that teachers are not mandated to take First Aid/ CPR training.

A teaching assistant told me, in private, that she avoids getting First Aid/ CPR training because she would be more likely to get a student who had more medical needs.

I wish to thank all the parents who complained to the school my child attends, that did not have one teacher with first aid training. I now would like it to become minatory for all teachers to have currant First Aid and CPR training. Tell your trusties, your MPs you want all teachers (who are able bodied) to get the training.

Please share with other parents, the fact that Ontario teachers do not need current First Aid training under current laws.

I've had a lot of spam on this post, ADS mostly for First Aid Training. Comments from parents, who have been failed by schools system wanted.